Among the initial members of the GATT, Syria and the SFR Yugoslavia (SFRY) have not re-joined the WTO. Since the FR Yugoslavia (later renamed Serbia and Montenegro) is not recognized as a direct successor state to the SFRY, its application is recognized as new (non-GATT). On 4 May 2010, the WTO General Council decided to set up a working group to review Syria`s application for WTO membership. The contracting parties that created the WTO terminated the 1947 GATT formal agreement on 31 December 1995. Serbia and Montenegro is in the decision-making phase and is expected to become the newest wto members in 2012 or in the near future. The world has achieved almost more free trade in the next round, known as the Doha Round Trade Agreement. If successful, Doha would have reduced tariffs for all WTO members overall. A trade agreement (also known as a trade pact) is a large-scale tax, customs and trade agreement, which often includes investment guarantees. It exists when two or more countries agree on conditions that help them trade with each other. The most frequent trade agreements are preferential and free trade regimes to reduce (or remove) tariffs, quotas and other trade restrictions imposed on intermediaries.
The European Union is now a remarkable example of free trade. Member States form an essentially borderless unit for trade purposes, and the introduction of the euro by most of these countries paves the way. It should be noted that this system is governed by a Brussels-based bureaucracy, which has to deal with the many trade-related issues that arise between the representatives of the Member States. A clause relating to the « government treatment of non-tariff restrictions » is necessary, as most tariff characteristics can easily be duplicated by a set of non-tariff restrictions, designed accordingly. These include discriminatory rules, selective excise or sales taxes, specific health requirements, quotas, « voluntary » import restrictions, specific licensing requirements, etc., not to mention general prohibitions. Instead of trying to list and ban all kinds of non-tariff restrictions, the signatories of an agreement require similar treatment to the processing of products manufactured within the country (for example. B steel).