All decisions taken by the Council in agreement between the two parties. Northern Ireland is represented by the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister and all relevant ministers, the Irish government by the Taoiseach and the relevant ministers, all of whom work in accordance with the rules of democratic authority and accountability in the Northern Ireland Assembly and Oireachtas respectively. Participation in the Council is one of the essential tasks of the agencies involved in both jurisdictions. If an agency holder does not normally participate in the Council, the Taoiseach may, in the case of the Irish Government and the First Minister and Deputy Prime Minister, make other arrangements in the case of the administration of Northern Ireland. Since the Good Friday Agreement links the British government to several legal issues in Northern Ireland, it is a de facto part of the United Kingdom Constitution. The right commentator David Allen Green described it as « a central constitutional text of the United Kingdom and Ireland […] of more everyday importance than sacred instruments such as, say, Magna Carta of 1215 or the Bill of Rights of 1689. »  In the context of political violence during the riots, the agreement required participants to find « exclusively democratic and peaceful ways to resolve political differences. » The conference will monitor the functioning of the new agreement between Ireland and Ireland, as well as the mechanisms and institutions it has put in place, including a formal review published three years after the agreement came into force. Representatives of the Northern Ireland administration are invited to take a position in this regard. The Conference will contribute, if necessary, to any revision of the comprehensive political agreement resulting from the multi-party negotiations, but it will not be empowered to repeal the democratic agreements reached by this agreement. In light of the policy principles set out in the agreement, the Commission will review the work of the police in Northern Ireland and, on the basis of its findings, will present proposals for future police structures and regulations, including ways to promote broad COMMUNITY support for these schemes. As part of the agreement, it was proposed to build on the existing Inter-Parliamentary Commission in English-Irish.
Prior to the agreement, the body was composed only of parliamentarians from the British and Irish assemblies. In 2001, as proposed by the agreement, it was extended to include parliamentarians of all members of the Anglo-Irish Council. The agreement called for the creation of an independent commission to review police rules in Northern Ireland, « including ways to promote broad community support » for these agreements. The UK government has also pledged to carry out a « large-scale review » of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. 2. Participants also recalled that, as part of this comprehensive political agreement, the two governments committed to proposing or supporting amendments to the Irish Constitution or british legislation on the constitutional status of Northern Ireland. 3. The Assembly will exercise full legislative and executive power on matters currently under the jurisdiction of the six northern Ireland departments, with the possibility of taking responsibility for other matters as described in this agreement. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups.