The multimodal transport agreement, signed by the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Pakistan, India and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf, is called the Ashgabat Agreement. An important topic for the audit of the IAS, Ashgabat Agreement is GS-II (Indian Polity – International Relations.) While Qatar withdrew from the agreement in 2013, Kazakhstan applied for membership that same year. Its accession was approved at the Meeting of the Coordinating Council in Tehran in 2015. Kazakhstan`s accession has reinforced the importance of the agreement, which is the largest economy in the region. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif also announced that Pakistan wanted to join the agreement. At the Global Sustainable Transport Summit in Ashgabat in November 2016, he called on Member States to approve Pakistan`s accession1. However, it was unable to obtain the agreement of the four members. The objective of this agreement is to improve connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other transport corridors within the eurasian region, including the North-South International Corridor (INSTC). The port of Chabahar, Iran, has established a trade link between India and Afghanistan since 2017 without having to cross Pakistani territory.   The agreement between the three countries was first signed in 2015.  As mentioned above, the Ashgabat Agreement aims to create a trade and transportation corridor between the CAR and the Persian Gulf. The corridor will be multimodal and will consist of road, rail and marine transport.
It also includes the removal of trade barriers and simple procedures for trade in goods between signatory states. The land transport component includes rail links through Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Iran. The Iran-Turkmenistan-Kazakhstan (ITK) rail line, commissioned in December 2014, is an important part of this corridor. In addition, it will establish a link with the Omani ports of Salalah, Duqm and Sohar and the Iranian ports of Bandar Abbas, Jask and Chabahar. Existing transport and connectivity links in the region will be useful for improving Indian trade. The agreement will also use the 2013 Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan (TAT) rail line, the Afghanistan-Azerbaijan-Turkey transport corridor in 2014, the Iran-Turkmenistan-Kazakhstan-Kazakhstan-Kazakhstan and TRACECA (Europe-Caucasus-Asia corridor), including the EU and 14 countries in Eastern Europe, South Asia and Central Asia.