Agreement between India and Pakistan on prior notification of ballistic missile tests While the number of violations of the ceasefire between India and Pakistan has increased significantly in recent years, these heightened tensions have not degenerated into a full-scale war between nuclear neighbours. Strengthening cooperation through treaties and enforcing treaties embedded in Pakistan`s indopa relations could play a conflict management role in preventing OAFs from escalating into violent militarized conflicts. In September, Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari and Indian Prime Minister Singh officially announced the opening of several trade routes between the two countries. 1972: Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign an agreement in the Indian city of Simla in which the two countries agree to « end the conflict and confrontation that has so far affected their relations and work to promote a friendly and harmonious relationship and establish lasting peace on the subcontinent. » Both sides agree to resolve disputes « by peaceful means. » 2008: India joins a framework agreement between Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan on a $7.6 billion pipeline project. A number of Kashmir-specific CMMs have also been agreed (including the authorisation of a triple entry facility). The india-Pakistan standoff between India and Pakistan was a military stalemate that led to the deployment of troops on both sides of the border and along the Line of Control (LoC) in the Kashmir region. It was the first major military stalemate between India and Pakistan since the Kargil War in 1999. Military rearmament was launched by India in response to an attack on the Indian parliament in 2001 and the attack on the parliamentary elections in Jammu and Kashmir in 2001.  India claimed that the attacks were carried out by two Pakistani terrorist groups, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad, both of which India said were supported by the Pakistani ISI, which Pakistan denied.    Tensions escalated after international diplomatic mediation in October 2002 led to the withdrawal of Indian and Pakistani troops from the international border.